For this, we have unravelled some of the most common and important winter gardening jargon to help you better care for your plants. Terms such as hardy, tender, and dormant will eventually start to appear in your gardening guides as the chillier months arrive.
Here is our autumn and winter garden jargon buster:
This is an adjective used to describe perennial plants that rest during the winter. They enter a state of temporary metabolic or minimal activity in response to adverse growing conditions.
It is important to know that plants do not die during this season. While their outer leaves may die back, their roots and core are still alive. Dormancy mostly happens before germination.
2. Fairy ring
Produced by lawn fungi, fairy ring is a loop of toadstools which can sometimes be difficult to control and may even live for centuries. The most common appear in autumn, and early summer when the soil is moist, and temperatures are mild.
This is a common method of lawn aeration, draining in the lawn and allowing air, water and nutrients to reach the roots. Gardeners practice such by spiking holes in the grass soil using a fork.
Fleece is a light, woven material used to wrap around plants during the winter. It helps keep the plants warm as blankets do, protecting them from frosts and cold temperatures.
Some gardeners also use horticultural fleece to protect plants against strong winds and pests.
5. Hardy plants
Plants that survive the outdoors during the cold winter months are considered hardy. This category includes trees, hedges, and roses which mostly come through spring and continue their growth.
6. Tender plants
Opposite to hardy, tender plants may not survive during the winter. This category includes plants like tree ferns, agapanthus and French lavender. If you want them to survive the cold temperatures , you can take them undercover or protect them with fleece.
To prevent weeds from growing, and to protect plant roots from frost during the winter, gardeners spread a layer of loose material on top of the soil called mulch. It can consist of wood chips, pine straw, tree bark, grass clippings and other materials such as shredded newspaper, manure and compost.
Mulching is included on some of the winter gardening do’s and dont’s that you need to take not of.
8. Damping off
Damping-off is a term used when young seedlings die of fungal attack. It often takes place due to overcrowding, damage, and poor drainage.
Deciduous plants or trees are varieties that shed leaves during the colder months. Most of these native trees lose their leaves in autumn and become dormant in the winter.
Deciduous trees may include maples, beeches, and oaks while plants can consist of honeysuckle, viburnum, and poison ivy.