Many garden enthusiasts are intrigued by the different national flowers of leading countries. It is always fascinating to know when a country associates a particular flower to their history and life.
Some consider a flower as a symbol of a moment in their history like the Tudor Rose for England adaptation in 1485. Others link a flower to some ancient folklore, namely red carnation in Spain. Some flowers are just a representation of how beautiful a country is like tulips in Holland and Edelweiss in Switzerland.
Garden experts have sought the history of associations of the official flowers to different countries. For instance, any variety of roses are a favourite of people in England, the USA, Iran, Ecuador, and Cyprus.
On the other hand, other flowers are less popular like the thistle which is Scotland’s national flower. Moreover, shamrock, another not so well known flower, is Irish’ national flower.
Here are 11 National Flowers From Around the World
Tudor Rose – England
In 1485, King Henry VII adopted the Tudor Rose at the end of the War of the Roses. It is a symbol of the royal houses: red rose is for the royal house of Lancaster, and the white rose is for the royal house of York. The rose is a sign of hope, prosperity, and unity.
Shamrock – Ireland
Shamrock is often mistaken with four-leafed clover that symbolises modern invention for luck. However, the shamrock is a three-leafed clover that is historically rooted in the ancient trinity.
This small, heart-shaped, three-leafed clover is an emblem of ancient Irish druids. A legend says that Saint Patrick used it to describe and explain the Holy Trinity to the pagan Irish. From then on, shamrock became a symbol to represent what St. Patrick did of his Christian faith.
Thistle – Scotland
Thistle is a Scottish symbol of the reign of Alexander III in 1249-1286. The first use of this flower was on silver coins in 1470 by James III as a royal symbol. The prickly thistle is an emblem of defence which came from Scottish history.
Leek and Daffodil – Wales
Discontent with only a flower, Welsh have made a vegetable to be their national vegetable too. Daffodil is the Welsh national flower while leek is an ancient emblem for them.
Their national flower, daffodil, is traditionally worn by natives on St. David’s Day. Meanwhile, according to a legend, St. David ordered his troops during the battle against the Saxons to wear leeks. They put this kind of vegetable in their caps so that they could identify one another during the war.
Iris – France
Iris represents the Fleur-de-lis emblem. It is the national flower of France that symbolises their French royalty. Its three petals are often called “standards”, and the other three petal-like sepals on the outside are “falls.”
Iris means “rainbow” in Greek, commonly symbolises faith, wisdom, religion, and peace of mind.
Red Carnation – Spain
In Andalusia, Spain, red carnation is associated with Spanish folklore which symbolises passion. It is a traditional action to hold a red carnation between teeth.
Edelweiss – Switzerland
Swiss people believe that Edelweiss, a mountain flower, is a promise of dedication to loved ones. This Switzerland has been recognising it as their national flower since the 19th century.
Rose – USA
The USA officially embraced rose on November 20, 1986. In that case, President Ronald Regan proclaimed rose as the national flower of the country in a ceremony at the White House Rose Garden.
Red Poppy – Belgium
The red poppy is a traditional flower which remembers the links between Europe and North America during the first and second world wars. Moreover, this beautiful red flower became the national flower of Belgium.
Tulips – Holland
Holland is very much famous for its tulips. It has vast fields of tulips which is a reason for a festival throughout their Spring season. The country had only imported tulips in the 16th century, but now Holland is the largest exporter of flowers worldwide.
Chrysanthemum or Cherry Blossom – Japan
There is still a debate of the national flower of Japan between chrysanthemum and cherry blossom. Many people want chrysanthemum as the symbol of the Japanese Imperial Family. However, not only Japanese people celebrate and love cherry blossoms but also people from different nationalities.