How to Use a BBQ Smoker

BBQ smoking is not just a cooking technique. It’s an art form that has captured the hearts and taste buds of grill enthusiasts for generations. If you want to know how to achieve those mouthwatering results yourself, you’ve come to the right place.

But be warned: using a BBQ smoker is not for the faint of heart. It requires patience, practice, and a genuine passion for the craft. So, roll up your sleeves, grab your apron, and get started!

BBQ Smoking Basics

BillyOh Full Drum Smoker Charcoal BBQ with Offset Smoker
BillyOh Full Drum Smoker Charcoal BBQ with Offset Smoker

BBQ smoking is a grilling method that infuses the meat with:

  • incredible flavour
  • tenderness
  • tantalising smoky aroma

It involves slow-cooking meat at low temperatures over a smouldering fire. It often uses hardwood or wood chips to produce smoke. This slow and steady process allows the flavours to penetrate deep into the meat. A mouthwatering, melt-in-your-mouth goodness awaits you in return!

There are different types of smokers available. Understanding these options will help you choose the right smoker.

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Offset smokers

BillyOh Full Drum Smoker Charcoal BBQ with Offset Smoker
BillyOh Full Drum Smoker Charcoal BBQ with Offset Smoker

Offset smokers, known as stick burners, are a classic choice for BBQ enthusiasts. They excel at providing traditional smokey flavours. They are, in fact, popular among competition pitmasters and serious barbecue aficionados.

Offset smokers consist of a firebox attached to the side of a cooking chamber. This allows indirect heat and smoke to flow through the chamber, enveloping the meat.

Vertical smokers

BillyOh Arizona 3 in 1 Charcoal Smoker Steel Upright BBQ Drum
BillyOh Arizona 3 in 1 Charcoal Smoker Steel Upright BBQ Drum

Vertical smokers, also called drum smokers, are versatile and user-friendly options. They offer excellent heat retention and airflow control. This makes them ideal for beginners and those seeking convenience without sacrificing flavour.

This type features a cylindrical design. It comes with a fire chamber at the bottom and multiple cooking racks above.

Pellet smokers

Pellet smokers use wood pellets as a fuel source, which are fed into a fire pot by an electric auger. These smokers offer precise temperature control and convenience. Set it and let it do its job!

Preparing for a BBQ Smoking Session

BillyOh Barrel Charcoal BBQ
BillyOh Barrel Charcoal BBQ

Here are the essential items you’ll need to get your charcoal BBQ ready to go:

1. BBQ smoker

Select the type of smoker that aligns with your preferences and budget. Ensure it’s of good quality, sturdy, and has enough cooking space for the amount of meat you plan to smoke.

2. Fuel source

Different smokers require different fuel sources. For example, offset smokers typically use charcoal or hardwood. Meanwhile, pellet smokers use wood pellets. Choose a fuel that burns efficiently and imparts the desired flavours to your meat.

3. Thermometer

Invest in a reliable thermometer to monitor the temperature of the meat accurately. This will help you achieve optimal cooking results and ensure food safety.

4. Wood chips or chunks

Select a variety of wood chips or chunks to generate smoke and infuse your meat with flavours. Popular choices include hickory, mesquite, apple, cherry, and oak. Experiment with different wood types to discover your preferred flavour profiles.

5. Drip or water pan

A drip pan placed below the meat will catch the drippings. It helps prevent flare-ups and makes cleanup easier. A water pan, in contrast, helps regulate temperature and maintain moisture levels. It ensures juicy and tender results.

6. BBQ tools

Gather a set of essential BBQ tools, including:

  • long-handled tongs
  • spatula
  • heat-resistant gloves
  • basting brush

These tools will assist in handling the meat and applying sauces or marinades.

7. Aluminium foil and butcher paper

Aluminium foil is handy for wrapping meat during the cooking process. It helps retain moisture and speed up tenderness. Butcher paper is an alternative option that allows some airflow while maintaining juiciness.

8. Fire starters and charcoal chimney

If you’re using charcoal, have fire starters or a charcoal chimney to light the coals efficiently. These tools help ensure a consistent and controlled fire for smoking.

Proper meat preparation sets the foundation for a successful BBQ smoking session. Here’s what you need to consider:


Before smoking, trim excess fat and silver skin from the meat. This allows for better smoke penetration and prevents flare-ups. Leave a thin layer of fat to add flavour and moisture during cooking.


Apply a dry rub or seasoning blend to enhance the flavours of the meat. Experiment with combinations of salt, pepper, herbs, spices, and sugar. Let the seasoned meat rest for some time to allow the flavours to penetrate.


Marinating meat in a flavorful liquid can add another layer of taste. Consider marinades that complement the meat and balance the smoky flavours. Be mindful of the marinade’s acidity, as extended exposure can affect the texture of the meat.

Mastering the BBQ Smoking Process

BillyOh Barrel Charcoal BBQ
BillyOh Barrel Charcoal BBQ

To achieve optimal results in BBQ smoking, it’s important to set up your smoker correctly. Follow these steps to get started:

  • Clean the smoker thoroughly, removing any residual ash or debris from previous sessions. Ensure all vents and air passages are clear and unobstructed.
  • If you’re using charcoal, arrange the coals in the firebox or charcoal chamber of your smoker. Use fire starters or a charcoal chimney to ignite the coals until they turn ash-grey. For pellet smokers, follow the manufacturer’s instructions to ignite the pellets.
  • Once the coals are lit, and the smoker is heating up, prepare a handful of pre-soaked wood chips or chunks. Add them directly onto the hot coals or the designated chip tray or smoker box. This will generate the desired smoke for flavour infusion.
  • Monitor the temperature inside the smoker using a built-in thermometer. Adjust the airflow and fuel as needed to reach the desired smoking temperature. Generally, BBQ smoking is done at temperatures ranging from 225°F (107°C) to 275°F (135°C). Note: This can depend on the meat and cooking preferences.

Smoke profiles

Here are the primary smoke profiles and their impact:

  • Mild smoke: Imparts a subtle hint of smoky flavour to the meat. It works well with delicate meats like poultry or seafood. Woods like fruitwood (apple, cherry) or pecan produce mild smoke profiles.
  • Medium smoke: Provides a balanced smoky flavour that complements a range of meats. Woods like Hickory and Maple offer medium smoke profiles. Both add depth and character to beef, pork, and poultry.
  • Strong smoke: Delivers a robust, assertive smoky flavour. Woods like mesquite or oak produce strong smoke profiles. They’re best suited for bold meats like beef brisket or game meats. Use strong smoke sparingly, as it can overpower more delicate cuts.


Congratulations! You’re now equipped to unleash your inner pitmaster and create incredible BBQ experiences using a smoker grill. Remember, embrace the process and continue to refine your skills. Eventually, you’ll become a true BBQ smoking maestro, that’s for sure!